BEIJING, Nov 24 (Reuters) – China reported more COVID-19 infections on Thursday as cities across the country imposed localized lockdowns, mass testing and other restrictions that fueled frustration and darkened the outlook for the world’s second-largest economy.
The resurgence of infections, nearly three years after the outbreak emerged in the central city of Wuhan, is casting doubt on investor hopes that China will soon ease its strict zero-covid policy, despite recent targeted measures.
The restrictions have affected the number of locked-out residents and the production of factories, including the world’s largest iPhone plant, which has been rocked by clashes between workers and security personnel in a rare disagreement.
“How many people have the savings to support them if things keep stopping?” asked a 40-year-old Beijing man surnamed Wang who is a manager at a foreign company.
“Even if you have money to stay at home every day, that’s not real life.”
The streets of Chaeong, the capital’s most populous district, have been increasingly empty this week.
Sanlitun, an upscale shopping area, was almost quiet on Thursday but for the buzz of e-bikes from delivery riders carrying meals to home workers.
Brokerage Nomura cut its forecast for China’s gross domestic product for the fourth quarter to 2.4% from 2.8%, and its full-year growth forecast to 2.8% from 2.9%, well below China’s official target of around 5.5%. % this year.
“We believe reopening will be a long process with even higher costs,” Nomura wrote, cutting its China GDP growth forecast for next year to 4.0% from 4.3%.
China’s leadership has stuck by President Xi Jinping’s signature zero-covid policy, saying it is necessary to save lives and prevent the medical system from becoming overwhelmed, even as much of the world tries to cope with the virus.
Acknowledging pressure on the economy, the cabinet said China would use timely cuts in bank cash reserves and other monetary policy tools to ensure adequate liquidity, state media reported on Wednesday, adding that a cut in the reserve requirement ratio (RRR) could come soon. .
Wednesday’s 31,444 new local COVID-19 infections surpassed a record set on April 13, when the commercial hub of Shanghai was hit by a city-wide lockdown of its 25 million residents that will last two months.
This time, however, major outbreaks are far and wide, with the largest in the southern city of Guangzhou and southwestern Chongqing, although hundreds of new infections are reported daily in cities such as Chengdu, Jinan, Lanzhou and Xi’an.
Although official cases are low by global standards, China is trying to eliminate every chain of infection.
It recently began relaxing some regulations on mass testing and quarantine as it looks to avoid all measures, such as the city-wide lockdown in Shanghai this year.
Recently, cities have resorted to localized and often unannounced lockdowns. Many people in Beijing said they recently received notices of a three-day lockdown of their residential complexes.
The northeastern city of Harbin announced a lockdown in some areas on Thursday.
Many cities have turned to mass testing, which China hopes to reduce as costs rise. Others, including Beijing, Shanghai and Sanya on the resort island of Hainan, have seen less movement of recent arrivals.
Nomura estimates that a fifth of China’s GDP is under lockdown, a bigger share than the British economy.
“Shanghai-style total lockdowns may be avoided, but they could be replaced by frequent partial lockdowns in growing cities due to rising Covid case numbers,” its analysts wrote.
Zhengzhou, the central city, is home to a large number of Boxcon workers (2317.TW) A factory that makes iPhones for Apple Inc (AAPL.O) staged protests, announcing five days of mass testing in eight districts, becoming the latest city to renew daily tests for millions of residents.
reporting by Beijing and Shanghai newsrooms; By Bernard Orr; Editing by Tony Munro and Clarence Fernandez
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